Scientists say there are over 400,000 species of flowers that have been documented and are living in the 21st Century. But scientists have yet to answer basic questions about these marvels of beauty... What led to their amazing diversity? Are there flowers that have not changed much during the evolution of this planet?
The first plant fossils found were woody magnolia-like plants dating back 93 million years. Paleobotanists have more recently uncovered tiny herb-like flower fossils dating back 120 million years. Flowering plants, called angiosperms by scientists, were believed to be already diverse and found in most locations by the middle of the Cretaceous period… 146 million years ago. A myriad of images of preserved flowers and flower parts [in very fine detail] have been found in fossils located in Sweden, Portugal, England, and along the Eastern and Gulf coasts of the United States.
Lavender is a member of the mint family and is popular amongst flower aficionados and amateurs alike due to the bright purple colouration of the flowers. The word lavender originates from the Latin word Lavare, which means ‘to wash', which it was likely assigned because of the aroma it possesses.
Despite the beautiful flowers it produces, lavender is actually a herb that was originally native to areas in Northern Africa and elevated, mountainous regions throughout the Mediterranean. Today, it is grown all across the world and is frequently sought after because of its appearance and health applications. Found in virtually all garden centres in the UK, lavenders are a fantastic gift to help add a pleasant fragrance to Mother's Day.
Rose care is easier than you think—anyone can grow them successfully. Plant your roses in a sunny location with good drainage. Fertilize them regularly for impressive flowers. Water them evenly to keep the soil moist. Prune established rose bushes in early spring. And watch for diseases like powdery mildew or black spot.
If you’ve been afraid to start a rose garden, the truth is, roses are no more difficult to care for than other flowering shrubs. “Modern rose bushes are both beautiful and tough in a wide range of growing conditions, so they are easier to grow than ever before,” says Christian Bedard, research director for Weeks Roses, America’s premier rose grower. To help gardeners who may not have grown roses before, Bedard shares some of his expert tips for successfully growing the queens of the flower garden.