Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth
What is Biodiversity
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals,
plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world.
Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web,
to maintain balance and support life.
Biodiversity supports everything in nature that we need to survive: food, clean water,
medicine, and shelter.
But as humans put increasing pressure on the planet, using and consuming more resources than ever before,
we risk upsetting the balance of ecosystems and losing biodiversity.
WWF’s 2022 Living Planet Report found an average 69% decline in global populations of mammals, fish, birds,
reptiles, and amphibians since 1970.
The 2019 landmark GlobalAssessment Report by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity
and Ecosystem Services reported 1 million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction—
the highest number in human history.
Three-quarters of the land-based environment and roughly 66% of the ocean
environment have been significantly altered.
More than a third of the world's land surface and nearly 75% of freshwater resources are now devoted
to crop or livestock production.
Climate change worsens the impact of other stressors on nature and our well-being.
Humans have overfished the oceans, cleared forests, polluted our water sources, and created a climate crisis.
These actions are impacting biodiversity around the world, from the most remote locales to our own backyards.
Even the most important biodiversity hubs around the world are not immune from human pressures.
Borneo, a massive island in southeast Asia, is home to more than 1,400 different animal species,
and at least 15,000 plant species.
Iconic wildlife like orangutans, pygmy elephants, clouded leopards, rhinos, and proboscis monkeys
share the landscape with the world’s tallest tropical trees.