The planet's average surface temperature!
The planet's average surface temperature has risen about 2.0 degrees Fahrenheit (1.1 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century,
a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere.
Most of the warming occurred in the past 35 years, with 16 of the 17 warmest years on record occurring since 2001.
Not only was 2016 the warmest year on record, but eight of the 12 months that make up the year —
from January through September, with the exception of June — were the warmest on record for those respective months
New NASA research models are shedding light on how insect populations may respond to severe changes in temperature
that are likely climate change. In a study recently published in Nature Climate Change,
scientists found that 65% of the insect populations they examined could go extinct over the next century.
Insects perform many important roles in Earth's ecosystems.
They assist with the production of fruits, vegetables, and flowers through pollination.
They decompose organic matter. They even help control harmful pests.
But there are gaps in our understanding of how insects and ecosystems will respond to climate change.